“心” (こころ, Kokoro) is the kanji that has a very important meaning for Japanese people.

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“心” (こころ, Kokoro) is the kanji that has a very important meaning for Japanese people.

“心” (こころ/しん, Kokoro/Shin) is the word to express our mental function, such as feelings, intentions and considerations. Its concept is very abstractive and ambiguous. Long time ago, it means the hearts of animals, but later the word has begun to connote the feelings, expressions, intentions and the human spirits.

 

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There are many Japanese sayings using “心”, and here are some of them which also used in anime often. If you are a Japanese learner, I would suggest you watch them in Japanese.

  • 心当たり (こころあたり, Kokoro Atari)
    Definition: a thing that one has in mind
    Phrase1: “Why is she angry?”, “I have Kokoro Atari (I have an idea about it). I have forgot about the promise I made with her yesterday.”
  • 心意気 (こころいき, Kokoro Iki)
    Definition: a disposition, a positive spirit toward things
    Phrase1: “It’s not easy to win this game. However, I will try my best as a member of the team.” “It’s good to have that Kokoro Iki (positive spirit). I support you.”
  • 心得 (こころえ, Kokoro E)
    Definition: It being understood
    Phrase1: “Do you understand the importance of the matter?” “Of course, Kokoro E teruyo (I understood).”
    Phrase2: “Could you please treat the injured person?” “I have a medical Kokoro E (knowledge), I could give a first-aid treatment.”
  • 心変わり (こころがわり, Kokoro Gawari)
    Definition: a person’s concerns to turn to other things
    Phrase1: “Why have you joined in our opponents?” “I have Kokoro Gawari (changed my mind).”
  • 心遣い (こころづかい, Kokoro Zukai)
    Definition: to pay attention, a gratuity
    Phrase1: “He has visited her in the hospital.” “Her parents appreciated his Kokoro Zukai (attention).”
    Phrase2: “Congratulations on your coming-of-age celebration.(while passing a gratuity)” “Thank you very much for your Kokoro Zukai (gratuity)”
  • 心残り (こころのこり, Kokoro Nokori)
    Definition: A disappointment over something that one has done, regret
    Phrase1: “We are graduating soon.” “Yes, it is Kokoro Nokori (pity) that we couldn’t win the last game.”
  • 心細い (こころぼそい, Kokoro Bosoi)
    Definition: to feel anxious, to feel lonely with an uncertain feeling
    Phrase1: “Are there anything else to light up?” “It is Kokoro Bosoi (anxioous) to rely only on one flashlight.”
  • 心許ない (こころもとない, Kokoro Motonai)
    Definition: to get unsettled, to feel anxious and unreliable
    Phrase1: “Would it be better someone to go with them?” “You’re right, it is Kokoro Motonai (unreliable) to let only the children go.”
  • 心外 (しんがい, Shin Gai)
    Definition: To angry or regret with being treated badly or with an anticipated expectation.
    Phrase1: “It must be you who has stolen the book.” “It makes me feel Sin Gai (angry). I have an alibi.”
  • 心眼 (しんがん, Shin Gan)
    Definition: an action to perceive things mentally, one’s mind’s eye
    Phrase1: “Oops! How should I act?” “He would see through you lie with his Shin Gan (his mind’s eye).”
  • 心機一転 (しんきいってん, Shin Ki Itten)
    Definition: to change one’s mind triggered with an opportunity
    Phrase1: “It’s you first day at the high school today.” “Shin Ki Itten (To start with), I will study harder.”
  • 心境 (しんきょう, Shin Kyou)
    Defiition: one’s feeling, one’s mental status
    Phrase : “It seems that she has confessed him the truth.” “It must be complicated in his Shin Kyou (his feeling).”
  • 心血 (しんけつ, Shin Ketsu)
    Definition: to devote all of one’s energies
    Phrase : “You’ve made it. It’s wonderful.” “I’ve did Shin Ketsu (devoted my energy) for three years at high school.”
  • 心情 (しんじょう, Shin Jou)
    Definition: a feeling or intention in one’s heart
    Phrase : “The damage of the earthquake was heavy.” “I sympathize with victims’ Shin Jou (the feelings).”
  • 心酔 (しんすい, Shin Sui)
    Definition: to dedicate to something, to respect someone in a heartfelt way
    Phrase1: “He study math all the time.” “He is Shin Sui (dedicated) to a numerical expression.”
    Phrase2: “She is always with the leader.” “She is Shin sui (dedicated) to him”
  • 心底 (しんそこ, Shin Soko)
    Definition: a bottom of one’s heart
    Phrase1: “He has done this all?” “A great job! I respect him from Shin Soko (bottom of my heart).”

 

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